12 Latest Pure Bandhani Saree Types and Patterns
Bandhani sarees have graced Indian wardrobes for centuries. They are produced using tie-and-dye technique, where small portions of the fabric are tied with threads and then dyed in vibrant colours, resulting in elaborate and intricate Bandhani patterns on the saree fabric. The process of creating a Bandhani saree is long and tedious, as it involves tying each dot separately using iron nails to create Bandhani patterns on the fabric.
Bandhani sarees are celebrated for their rich colours, artistic patterns and traditional craftsmanship. The art of crafting Bandhani sarees remains a cherished hereditary practice passed down through generations in various parts of the country. Let's dive deeper into this beautiful saree variety and explore the most popular types of Bandhani sarees in India.
Types of Bandhani sarees
Here are some of the most popular types of Bandhani sarees:
1. Gaji Bandhani Saree
Gaji Bandhani sarees are crafted from high-quality silk fabric that is thick, lustrous and has a smooth texture. In addition to their luxurious feel, these sarees are strong enough to withstand heavy embellishments like Zardozi embroidery designs.
Gaji Bandhani sarees with zari borders feature gold or silver threads intricately woven into the fabric. They are an ideal choice for weddings and grand events.
2. Bandhani Silk Saree
Crafted from high-quality silk fabric, Bandhani silk sarees are known for their smooth texture and sheen look. Bandhani silk sarees are famous for their brilliant and eye-catching colours including bright red, royal blue, emerald green, and rich yellow.
The blend of silk fabric and Bandhani artistry lends an aura of grace and charm to Bandhani silk sarees. Bandhani silk sarees are an enduring ensemble for festivals and celebrations.
3. Pure Bandhani Cotton Saree
Pure cotton Bandhani sarees are characterised by the use of natural cotton fabric with the intricate Bandhani technique, creating unique charming patterns. Before the dyeing process, a small section of the cotton fabric is held tightly with thread using iron nails.
Pure Bandhani cotton sarees in striking colours are an alluring way to express yourself in a simple yet traditional way.
Embrace summer in style with printed cotton sarees for the perfect blend of comfort and fashion.
4. Bandhani Georgette Saree
Bandhani Georgette sarees are a unique blend of lightweight Georgette fabric and intricate patterns of Bandhani art. They are a fusion of the traditional craftsmanship of Bandhani art into modern fabric like Georgette.
Bandhani Georgette sarees exude elegance and sophistication making them a stunning option for partywear and celebrations. Their lightweight nature makes them a favourite among saree lovers.
Keep up with the latest trends in Georgette sarees by knowing the Georgette saree types, and styling ideas.
5. Bandhani Chiffon Saree
Bandhani chiffon sarees are lightweight and easy-to-drape sarees that combine the exquisite art of Bandhani tie-and-dye with the sheer elegance of chiffon fabric. The elegance of the chiffon fabric complements the boldness of the Bandhani patterns beautifully, allowing vibrant and contrasting colours to shine through.
Bandhani chiffon sarees are versatile apparel, suitable for various occasions, and their comfortable draping makes them ideal for warm weather.
6. Gharchola Bandhani Saree
Gharchola is a traditional Bandhani saree for weddings worn by Gujarati brides. They are known for their elaborate patterns, featuring square and diamond-shaped designs. These sarees often feature a rich colour palette in shades of green and maroon, with red being the predominant colour.
Gharchola Bandhani sarees are considered auspicious and are believed to bring good luck to the bride. Apart from weddings, they are sure to grace your special occasions.
7. Leheriya Bandhani Saree
Leheriya Bandhani sarees are a part of the Jodhpur and Jaipur Bandhani saree creations characterised by diagonal, zigzag lines resembling the undulating waves of water. This design gives the saree a unique and dynamic appearance.
Leheriya Bandhani sarees are worn during traditional festivals like Teej with great pride and reverence. The vibrant colour choices of these sarees make them suitable for festive occasions.
8. Bandhani Crepe Saree
Bandhani crepe sarees boast a diverse array of designs from classic circular dots, to intriguing Chandrakhani designs of crescent moon shapes. Bandhani crepe sarees also feature floral motifs and decorative borders, adding a touch of nature and elegance to the tie-and-dye Bandhani technique.
Moreover, soft and subtle colour combinations enhance the visual appeal of Bandhani crepe sarees, making them unique and captivating.
9. Shikari Bandhani Saree
Shikari Bandhani sarees derive their name from the Shikari pattern, which mimics the footprints of hunters, animals and the branches of the trees. This intricate design is elaborately woven throughout the saree fabric creating a distinctive pattern for Bandhani sarees.
These Bandhani designs are typically done in bright and contrasting colours, making them eye-catching and stylish. Shikari Bandhani sarees can be dressed in versatile ways for various occasions.
10. Chandrakhani Bandhani Saree
Chandrakhani Bandhani sarees feature moon-like patterns that resemble the crescent moon. The crescent moon patterns symbolise beauty and grace, making them a preferred choice for events that require an exquisite appearance.
These sarees usually come in plain vibrant colours like yellow, blue and green. Their delicate pattern and elegant motifs lend the sarees an air of grace and charm.
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11. Ekdali Bandhani Saree
Ekdal sarees means "single dot". Ekdali Bandhani sarees feature a single large dot in the centre, surrounded by smaller dots creating a rangoli saree pattern. They are simple yet stunning and can be worn for both casual and formal occasions.
These sarees hold cultural significance and are considered a symbol of tradition and heritage. They are often worn during weddings, festivals, and rituals.
12. Panetar Bandhani Saree
Panetar Bandhani sarees are traditional wedding sarees in Gujarat and are culturally significant. Panetar sarees are known for their iconic combination of white and red with intricate Bandhani patterns and rich Zari work.
The beauty of Panetar Bandhani sarees lies in their mix of Bandhani patterns, including dots, squares, and more elaborate motifs. Their rich symbolism and striking appearance make them perfect for special occasions and cultural gatherings.
History of Bandhani Art
The history of Bandhani art is a colourful and intricate tapestry woven through the ages. The word Bandhani is derived from the Sanskrit word Bandhej meaning "to tie". It refers to the tie and dye technique used to make beautiful patterns in Bandhani sarees.
Evidence of tie-and-dye techniques similar to Bandhani has been found in the archaeological remains of the Indus Valley Civilization, traced to around 4000 BCE. Historians also discovered that the Buddhist paintings in the Ajanta caves dating back to the 6th century BC have references to Bandhani art.
Today Bandhani sarees are widely produced in the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Bandhani sarees are considered auspicious and are traditionally worn by the brides of Hindus and Muslims for their weddings.
Bandhani sarees include small circular patterns, known as "dots" or “specks” that are created using tying iron nails or fingernails with thread. The process of creating a Bandhani saree is long and tedious, as each single dot has to be tied separately to create patterns on the fabric before it is dyed.
Bandhani sarees traditionally incorporate natural colours, such as yellow, blue, green, and black. There are various Bandhani patterns available based on the number of dots in the saree, such as Ek Bundi, Chaubundi or Saat Bundi. Bundi refers to the dots in the saree. The small dots having dark centres are known as Boond, while the dots that are tear-shaped are known as Kodi.
The unique feature of this saree lies in its distinct dot motifs and intricate designs like florals, and animal footprints, which are skillfully crafted to add a special charm. The Bandhani patterns include circular small or large dots, geometrical shapes, zig-zag waves, half-moon shapes etc.
In recent years, the demand for Bandhani sarees has increased over the last few decades, with the creation of Bandhani sarees in new fabrics like chiffon, Georgette and cotton blend.
Curious to learn the process of making bandhani sarees? check out our blog on the traditional art of Bandhani saree.
How to Wash and Maintain Bandhani Sarees
Bandhani sarees are intricate and delicate textiles that require special care to maintain their beauty and longevity.
- Fill a clean bucket with cold water.
- Add a mild detergent and submerge the saree for about 5-10 minutes to remove any dirt or stains.
- Avoid scrubbing, or twisting the fabric, as it can damage the delicate Bandhani patterns.
- Gently swish the saree in clean water until the water runs clear, indicating that all soap is removed.
- Gently squeeze out excess water by pressing the saree. Unroll the saree on a clean surface to air dry. Avoid direct sunlight.
- When storing Bandhani sarees, fold them neatly and place a piece of tissue paper between the folds to prevent colour bleeding.
- Store the sarees in a cool and dry place.
- Avoid hanging Bandhani sarees for extended periods. Only iron the Bandhani sarees on low heat with a cotton cloth in between, to preserve the prints.
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